Zambia

Destination Livingstone (Victoria Falls)

“Creeping with awe to the verge, I peered down into a large rent which had been made from bank to bank of the broad Zambezi and saw that a stream of a thousand yards broad leapt down a hundred feet and then became suddenly compressed into a space of fifteen to twenty yards…. the most wonderful sight I had witnessed in Africa.” – Although David Livingstone wrote these words in 1855, with a description like that, it is not hard to see why Victoria Falls is one of the most spectacular natural sites on the planet, and still continues to delight and capture the imagination of travellers…

Victoria Falls is the result of thousands of years of erosion. The Zambezi River, flowing across a basalt plateau, in ancient times found cracks in the basalt that were filled with sandstone and started wearing away the softer rock, eventually creating a series of magnificent and dramatic gorges. In fact, Victoria Falls has been gradually receding for over 100,000 years!  This process of erosion has been repeated over and over again, and the zigzagging gorges downstream of the current falls represent the formation and abandonment of seven previous waterfalls.

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